The Selk’nam, also known as the Ona, lived in the Patagonian region of southern Chile and Argentina including the Tierra del Fuego islands. They were one of the last aboriginal groups in South America to be reached by Westerners. Tierra del Fuego is literally the “land of fire” based on early European explorers observing Selk’nam smoke from their bonfires. The Selk’nam were nomadic people and survived by hunting. They dressed sparingly, a remarkable feat given the cold climate of Patagonia.